The Cash Conversion Cycle to Help You Pick Winners and Losers

Written by

Jae Jun

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The Cash Conversion Cycle

The main way a company can make more profit is to simply sell more stuff. But how do you sell more stuff?

You need cash.

Wall Street loves earnings and many people believe earnings drive cash to profitability, but the truth is that cash drives earnings. Cash is king and is the start and the end of a business.

No business can start without cash, and all businesses end in cash, whether it be liquidated or sold out.

This is why a business that can manage its cash efficiently will do better than its competitor.

In the cash conversion cycle, you start off with cash, it becomes inventory and accounts payable, which then becomes sales and accounts receivables before converting into cash again.

The entire cash conversion cycle is a measure of management effectiveness. The lower the better, and a great way to compare competitors.

The Cash Conversion Cycle Formula

Cash Conversion Cycle = Days Inventory Outstanding + Days Sales Outstanding – Days Payables Outstanding

Days Inventory Outstanding

Days Inventory Outstanding shows you in days, how long it takes for inventory to be sold. The quicker inventory is sold, the better.

DIO = (Inventory/COGS) x 365
This is an annual calculation. To calculate between two periods, use the below formula.

DIO = Average inventory/COGS x number of days in period
Average Inventory = (beginning inventory + ending inventory)/2

Days Sales Outstanding

Days Sales Outstanding is the number of days it takes for a company to collect money from sales and involves accounts receivables. Obviously, a low number is better.

DSO=  (Accounts Receivables/Revenue) x 365
This is an annual calculation. To calculate between two periods, use the below formula.

DSO = Average AR / Revenue x number of days in period
Average AR= (beginning AR + ending AR)/2

Days Payables Outstanding

Days Payables Outstanding represents how many days before the company pays it off. The higher the number, the better, because that means the company can use that cash for other profitable purposes before making payments.

DPO = (Accounts Payable/COGS) x 365
This is an annual calculation. To calculate between two periods, use the below formula.

DPO = Average AP / COGS per day
Average AP = (beginning AP + ending AP)/2

Cash Conversion Cycle of Shoe Retailers

See the charts below comparing the cash conversion cycle for Sketchers (SKX), Deckers Outdoor (DECK), Crocs (CROX), Steve Madden (SHOO), and K-Swiss (KSWS).

Since all these companies are involved in making and selling shoes, the cash conversion cycle is all above 50 days, but the company with the best and most consistent record is SHOO.

The worst offender of the bunch is currently K-Swiss. I wish somebody told me about the cash conversion cycle when I bought KSWS back in 2008 and 2009. It sure would have saved me a lot of money because their troubles have continued to escalate.

Here’s a chart that breaks down the cash conversion cycle of K-Swiss.

Although DSO and DPO has been fairly consistent, the increase in DIO should have been a huge warning sign.

The other interesting company to look at is Crocs. If you go and read up on Crocs, you will find out that they had some serious inventory issues in 2007 and the cash conversion cycle climbed vertically before they slashed inventory and got a handle on it again.

Now take a look at the next chart of this series below to see whether cash conversion cycles matters or not.

Steve Madden with the best managed cash conversion cycle climbed 900+% since 2002 with the worst offender, K-Swiss down 65%. Crocs peaked but if you knew about the cash conversion cycle, I’m sure you would have stayed away knowing that the stock was in a bubble. However, after cleaning up its mess, look how Crocs has been performing.

The stock price direction is not entirely dependent on the cash conversion cycle, but it certainly does have a factor and is something you should check regularly too.

All members of the OSV stock valuation and analysis tool will be able to see the breakdown and use the cash conversion cycle in the official version.



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